What is dynamic assessment? assessment dynamic assessment elt the zone of proximal development vygotsky zpd Oct 22, 2021

By Dr Jeremy Koay

A limited view

The most common assessments are those that seek to measure candidates’ abilities. High-stakes language assessments, such as IELTS and TOEFL, are typically highly-standardised, and examiners usually display a ‘neutral and disinterested stance’...

Continue Reading...
What is the zone of proximal development? elt sociocultural theory the zone of proximal development vygotsky zpd Oct 22, 2021

By Dr Jeremy Koay

A limited view

The zone of proximal development (ZPD) and Krashen’s notion of i + 1 are sometimes misunderstood as expressing the same idea (Lantolf, Thorne & Poehner, 2015). The main difference between the two concepts is that the ZPD focuses on what learners can...

Continue Reading...
What is Group Work? authentic task elt group work student interaction vygotsky Sep 22, 2021

 

By Dr Jeremy Koay

A limited view

Some teachers and students, particularly in an exam-oriented learning environment, think that group work is a waste of time. This is often because group activities are not well-designed. Due to unclear instructions and expectations, learners tend to work ...

Continue Reading...