What We Say

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view The Critical Period Hypothesis claims that an optimal period for language acquisition exists and that this period ends at puberty (Abello-Contesse, 2009). Studies that adhere to this hypothesis typically focus...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view Blended learning is often defined as the combination of traditional face-to-face learning and online learning experiences (Garrison & Kanuka, 2004). Some critics of this model say that there are risks...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view Viewing politeness as a universally accepted norm is an incomplete or even misleading understanding of the concept. In fact, research in the early development of politeness theory, such as that...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view Conversations are generally thought of as casual informal chats which are primarily used to build rapport. However, conversations can take place in a more formal context and can have a...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view Discussions in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) tend to focus on variables that pertain to the individual rather than the social context (Peirce, 1995). This is seen in ways that learners...

By James Jenkin The biggest headache for teachers is when students don’t understand instructions. Running around a class of fifty, clarifying what to do, is not fun. The first step is to take instructing seriously. Clear instructions...

By James Jenkin Here are four easy ways to make lessons much more effective and engaging. They’re easy, and they work! 1. Bring visuals and realia to every class Pictures and real objects are interesting and meaningful. They...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view Children who have issues with reading are sometimes described as poor, reluctant, or struggling readers (Jalongo & Hirsh, 2010). These descriptions tend to focus on children rather than their reading...

By James Jenkin We’ve all heard of ‘methods’: for example, the Berlitz Method, which aims to recreate the way we learn our first language through listening, repeating and speaking; and the Callan Method, which claims it can...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view In literature classes, a common focus for reading is aesthetic appreciation of a particular text. However, the focus of reading in an ESOL classroom tends to be on finding information....