What we Say

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view In most conventional writing tests, test candidates are expected to write their essays independently. As a result, in an exam-oriented education system, in-class writing activities typically involve producing a piece...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view According to the online Oxford Dictionaries (2017), code-switching is ‘the practice of alternating between two or more languages or varieties of language in conversation’. Traditional approaches to language teaching and...

By James Jenkin Course books: Yes or no? Many teachers and students are fans of course books. Most are professionally written and provide teachers with ready-made material. Their alignment with international proficiency levels, such as CEFR, is...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view The goal of standardised assessment in general is to test learners’ knowledge and ability to perform a particular task. In the context of language assessment, some countries tend to focus...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view The most common assessments are those that seek to measure candidates’ abilities. High-stakes language assessments, such as IELTS and TOEFL, are typically highly-standardised, and examiners usually display a ‘neutral and...

By Dr Jeremy Koay A limited view The concept of Plain English is commonly understood as being a style of writing that is easy to understand and that uses simple vocabulary. Although this understanding captures the core...

By James Jenkin A tag question (or question tag) is a question added to a declarative sentence: You like grammar, don’t you? Course books force students to learn tag questions – and usually all forms and uses at the same time. But...